Read the most frequently asked 50 top Java J2EE interview questions and answers for freshers and experienced job interview questions pdf
Java J2EE Interview Questions and Answers List
1. What is J2EE?
J2EE is an environment for developing and deploying enterprise applications. The J2EE platform consists of a set of services, application programming interfaces
(APIs), and protocols that provide the functionality for developing multitiered, web-based applications.
2. What is the J2EE module?
A J2EE module consists of one or more J2EE components for the same container type and one component deployment descriptor of that type.
3. What are the components of J2EE application?
A J2EE component is a self-contained functional software unit that is assembled into a J2EE application with its related classes and files and communicates with other components. The J2EE specification defines the following J2EE components:
Application clients and applets are client components.
Java Servlet and JavaServer PagesTM (JSPTM) technology components are web components.
Enterprise JavaBeansTM (EJBTM) components (enterprise beans) are business components.
Resource adapter components provided by EIS and tool vendors.
4. What are the four types of J2EE modules?
1. Application client module
2. Web module
3. Enterprise JavaBeans module
4. Resource adapter module
5. What does application client module contain?
The application client module contains:
–an application client deployment descriptoor.
Application client modules are packaged as JAR files with a .jar extension.
6. What does web module contain?
The web module contains:
–class files for servlets,
–GIF and HTML files, and
–a Web deployment descriptor.
Web modules are packaged as JAR files with a .war (Web ARchive) extension.
7. What are the differences between Ear, Jar and War files? Under what circumstances should we use each one?
There are no structural differences between the files they are all archived using zip-jar compression.
However, they are intended for different purposes.
–Jar files (files with a .jar extension) arre intended to hold generic libraries of Java classes, resources, auxiliary files, etc.
–War files (files with a .war extension) arre intended to contain complete Web applications. In this context, a Web application is defined as a single group of files, classes, resources, .jar files that can be packaged and accessed as one servlet context.
–Ear files (files with a .ear extension) arre intended to contain complete enterprise applications.
In this context, an enterprise application is defined as a collection of .jar files, resources, classes, and multiple Web applications.
Each type of file (.jar, .war, .ear) is processed uniquely by application servers, servlet containers, EJB containers, etc.
8. What is the difference between Session bean and Entity bean?one?
The Session bean and Entity bean are two main parts of EJB container.
–represents a workflow on behalf of a cliennt
–one-to-one logical mapping to a client.
–created and destroyed by a client
–not permanent objects
–lives its EJB container(generally) does noot survive system shut down
–two types: stateless and stateful beans Entity Bean
–represents persistent data and behavior off this data
–can be shared among multiple clients
–persists across multiple invocations
–findable permanent objects
–outlives its EJB container, survives systeem shutdown
–two types: container managed persistence(CCMP) and bean managed persistence(BMP)
9. What is “applet”
A J2EE component that typically executes in a Web browser but can execute in a variety of other applications or devices that support the applet programming model.
10. What is “applet container”
A container that includes support for the applet programming model.
21. What is authorization?
The process by which access to a method or resource is determined. Authorization depends on the determination of whether the principal associated with a request through authentication is in a given security role. A security role is a logical grouping of users defined by the person who assembles the application. A deployer maps security roles to security identities.
Security identities may be principals or groups in the operational environment.
22. What is authorization constraint
An authorization rule that determines who is permitted to access a Web resource collection.
23. What is B2B
B2B stands for Business-to-business.
24. What is backing bean
A JavaBeans component that corresponds to a JSP page that includes JavaServer Faces components. The backing bean defines properties for the components on the page and methods that perform processing for the component.
This processing includes event handling, validation, and processing associated with navigation.
25. What is basic authentication
An authentication mechanism in which a Web server authenticates an entity via a user name and password obtained using the Web application’s built-in authentication mechanism.
26. What is bean-managed persistence
The mechanism whereby data transfer between an entity bean’s variables and a resource manager is managed by the entity bean.
27. What is bean-managed transaction
A transaction whose boundaries are defined by an enterprise bean.
28. What is binding (XML)
Generating the code needed to process a well-defined portion of XML data.
29. What is binding (JavaServer Faces technology)
Wiring UI components to back-end data sources such as backing bean properties.
30. What is build file
The XML file that contains one or more asant targets.
A target is a set of tasks you want to be executed.
When starting asant, you can select which targets you want to have executed. When no target is given, the project’s default target is executed.
31. What is business logic
The code that implements the functionality of an application. In the Enterprise JavaBeans architecture, this logic is implemented by the methods of an enterprise bean.
32.What is business method
A method of an enterprise bean that implements the business logic or rules of an application.
33. What is callback methods Component methods called by the container to notify the component of important events in its life cycle.
34. What is caller
Same as caller principal.
35. What is caller principal
The principal that identifies the invoker of the enterprise bean method.
36. What is cascade delete
A deletion that triggers another deletion. A cascade delete can be specified for an entity bean that has container-managed persistence.
37. What is CDATA
A predefined XML tag for character data that means “don’t interpret these characters,” as opposed to parsed character data (PCDATA), in which the normal rules of XML syntax apply. CDATA sections are typically used to show examples of XML syntax.
38. What is certificate authority
A trusted organization that issues public key certificates and provides identification to the bearer.
39. What is client-certificate authentication
An authentication mechanism that uses HTTP over SSL, in which the server and, optionally, the client authenticate each other with a public key certificate that conforms to a standard that is defined by X.509 Public Key Infrastructure.
40. What is comment
In an XML document, text that is ignored unless the parser is specifically told to recognize it.
41. What is commit
The point in a transaction when all updates to any resources involved in the transaction are made permanent.
42. What is component contract
The contract between a J2EE component and its container. The contract includes life-cycle management of the component, a context interface that the instance uses to obtain various information and services from its container, and a list of services that every container must provide for its components.
43. What is component-managed sign-on
A mechanism whereby security information needed for signing on to a resource is provided by an application component.
44. What is connector
A standard extension mechanism for containers that provides connectivity to enterprise information systems. A connector is specific to an enterprise information system and consists of a resource adapter and application development tools for enterprise information system connectivity. The resource adapter is plugged in to a container through its support for system-level contracts defined in the Connector architecture.
45. What is Connector architecture
An architecture for integration of J2EE products with enterprise information systems. There are two parts to this architecture: a resource adapter provided by an enterprise information system vendor and the J2EE product that allows this resource adapter to plug in.
This architecture defines a set of contracts that a resource adapter must support to plug in to a J2EE product-for example, transactions, security, and resource management.
46. What is container
An entity that provides life-cycle management, security, deployment, and runtime services to J2EE components. Each type of container (EJB, Web, JSP, servlet, applet, and application client) also provides component-specific services.
47. What is container-managed persistence
The mechanism whereby data transfer between an entity bean’s variables and a resource manager is managed by the entity bean’s container.
48. What is container-managed sign-on
The mechanism whereby security information needed for signing on to a resource is supplied by the container.
49. What is container-managed transaction
A transaction whose boundaries are defined by an EJB container. An entity bean must use container-managed transactions.
50. What is content
In an XML document, the part that occurs after the prolog, including the root element and everything it contains.